The small landlocked country of Rwanda is the most densely populated nation in Africa, with nearly 13 million inhabitants. Rwanda joined the Commonwealth in late 2009 and is also a member of La Francophonie, the African Union and the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region. Rwanda contributes to UN peacekeeping missions in Africa and is a model for gender equality and political representation of women.
Rwanda suffered a devastating genocide in 1994, in which 800,000 Rwandans were massacred. Since recovering, Rwanda has enjoyed consistent economic growth and is in the top ten fastest growing economies in Africa. Despite this growth, and receiving significant amounts of foreign aid, poverty remains widespread. Rwanda is ranked 159 of 188 countries in the United Nations Human Development Index, and 60% of the population lives below the income poverty line.
75% of the population work in agriculture and some mineral and agro-processing, but food production often fails to meet demand, necessitating food imports. Rwanda has committed to reducing its aid dependency by attracting foreign investment though a diversified export base and improved infrastructure, including transport links with neighbouring countries.
- Developing locally-appropriate agroforestry systems for semi-arid and sub-humid regions that can help farmers to improve food security and livelihoods, diversify their farming systems, enhance climate resilience and improve land management practices
- Intensification and increased resilience in maize-legume-livestock-based mixed farming systems, to improve dietary energy and nutritional quality, and increase household income