Reservoirs are a major, and for several Asian countries an expanding, water resource which is very diverse both in terms of size and fisheries potential. They range from small water bodies with productive culture-based fisheries to expansive reservoirs with variable and often low fish production. The strategies required to achieve disirable productivity levels from these water bodies are similarly diverse, and importantly, are still evolving as our knowledge of these systems improves. This workshop, jointly sponsored by ACIAR and the Mekong River Commission Fisheries Program, brought together 55 scientists from 16 countries to discuss recent progress and future challenges in the wise use and management of reservoir fisheries resources through culture-based interventions. It is hoped that the papers presented in these Proceedings will assist scientists, managers and all with an interest in reservoir fisheries in their efforts to improve the productivity of reservoirs in a sustainable and equitable manner.