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Improving livelihoods of small-scale livestock producers in the central dry zone through research on animal production and health in Myanmar

This project aims to improve the livelihoods of small-scale livestock producers in Myanmar's Central Dry Zone by enhancing management, nutrition and health of small ruminants, indigenous cattle and village chickens.
The Central Dry Zone is an important livestock production area with a high density of cattle, sheep and goats. It is also one of the poorest regions in Myanmar. The 10 million people who live there depend mostly on dry-land agriculture.
Most farms are smaller than 2 hectares, and there are many landless people whose livelihood depends on supplying farm labour. Rainfall is low and highly variable, and there is a high risk of crop failure. Farming systems are diversified and livestock is important for food, cash income and livelihood security. Most households, including the landless, keep poultry. Landless people and smallholder farmers raise small ruminants, and most farmers raise cattle.
This project researches the health and production of poultry, cattle, sheep and goats in two villages and more broadly in Myanmar, to improve household incomes and livelihoods. This research provides valuable information that describes the current production systems. It includes trials of practices to improve animal health and husbandry with farmers, and helps to improve growth, survival and productivity of animals.