This project aimed to shift the focus from exploitive agricultural practices to sustainable diversification of crop-livestock enterprises. It focused on Conservation Agriculture to reduce soil disturbance, maintain crop residues on the soil surface, and diversify crop rotations for sustainable soil management and reducing climate risks.
Over the past 15-20 years, rainforest in north-western Cambodia has been cleared to establish 220,000 hectares of upland cropping. Excessive burning and ploughing have reduced soil fertility, leading to declining crop yields and incomes for smallholder farmers. Labour out-migration and the rising cost of farm labour have exacerbated the problem.