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Crops

Mechanization and value adding for diversification of lowland cropping systems in Lao PDR and Cambodia

Project Code: CSE/2012/077
Program: Crops
Budget:
A$1,499,990
Research Program Manager: Dr. Eric Huttner
Project Leader: Shu Fukai - University of Queensland
Duration:
JUN 2014
AUG 2019
Project Status: Concluded
Key partners
Agricultural Research Centre
Cambodia Agricultural Research and Development Institute
National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute

Overview

This project aimed to identify mechanisation options and post-harvest technologies to enhance household livelihoods and food security in lowland rice-growing areas.

Cambodia and Laos share problems of widespread rural poverty, food insecurity, and malnutrition. Rainfed lowland rice, grown once a year in the wet season, is the backbone of agricultural production, but is largely subsistence-oriented with low productivity, delivering low-quality rice to local consumers. Growing quality rice and non-rice crops would increase household income and reduce rural poverty.

This project used a systems approach, integrating mechanised cropping practices, (including combine harvesting) and post-harvest practices (in particular artificial dryers) which together increased the intensification, potential for diversification, the labour efficiency of the cropping system, and the market value of the produce.

The project in Laos developed strategies for introducing suitable mechanisation and postharvest technologies. In Cambodia, the project monitored already-mechanised harvesting practices, and developed grain drying techniques that improved physical grain quality, and cropping systems that took advantage of mechanised harvesting operations.