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Competitiveness of Cambodian Farming Systems: characterization of farming systems to inform research and policy

This Small Research Activity plans to investigate the competitiveness of farming systems in Cambodia under emerging trade regimes, to inform research and policy opportunities for agricultural development and trade.
This project draws on projects in Ethiopia (CSE/2013/189) and Tanzania (CSE/2015/022) to inform development planning and policy, planning and investment strategies in Cambodia. It will link farm-level planning to policy making which will help technologies and investments to meet emerging new trade regimes.
The Royal Government of Cambodia intends to modernise Cambodia's agriculture and enhance agricultural productivity by improving how agricultural value chains respond to market demand and regional and global competition.
Making agriculture more productive and competitive is important for Cambodian development. 80% of its population live in rural areas and depend on agriculture, but Cambodian farmland is harsher than the fertile lowlands of other countries. Growing linkages with the global economy, helped by initiatives such as the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement, are changing the agricultural production, marketing and trade in Cambodia and the wider Mekong.
This project complements the Cambodian Government's focus. It will identify factors influencing agricultural productivity in Cambodian farming systems. It will analyse changes in farming systems, identify drivers of those changes, and highlight areas for further research to develop agricultural policy.
The project will help Cambodia to make local enterprises more competitive amid growing regional integration-and to take advantage of changing market conditions as Cambodia's neighbours engage globally. It will explore the need and effectiveness of investment opportunities for research and development, and how public policies and programs can stimulate long-term agricultural development