Go to top of page

Primary tabs


Enhancing livelihoods through improved forest management in Nepal

Project Code: FST/2017/037
Program: Forestry
Research Program Manager: Dr. Nora Devoe
Project Leader: Ian Nuberg - University of Adelaide
JUL 2018
JUN 2023
Project Status: Legally Committed/Active
Key partners
Department of Forest Research and Survey Nepal
Department of Forests
ForestAction Nepal
Nepal Agroforestry Foundation
University of New South Wales


This project is enhancing forest management practices in community forests and private land to improve livelihoods, social equity and environmental impacts. 

Nepal’s Middle Hills are home to 44 per cent of the country’s population, with more than two-thirds relying on a combination of agriculture and forest products for their livelihoods. 

A quarter of forest lands have been handed over to 19,000 Community Forest User Groups under a Nepali national program. But the management of community forests and associated agricultural systems in the Middle Hills is sub-optimal and the Government of Nepal would like to see greater wealth being generated. 

Livelihood opportunities remain limited and food insecurity is widespread as a result. Underlying these problems are inequitable planning and governance; gender inequities in decision-making; and an emphasis on the protection of forest products.  

This project aims to enhance adoption and benefits from Active and Equitable Forest Management (AEFM) and improved private forestry practices; develop and institutionalise community forestry planning, governance and gender equity frameworks; and design and facilitate the establishment of pro-poor small-scale forest enterprises.

Expected project outcomes

  • Greater application of Active and Equitable Forest Management in Nepal’s community forests, leading to significantly increased incomes for local communities from sale of forest products.
  • Enhanced silviculture skills of government foresters/technicians being used to provide institutional support for silviculture practice.
  • Men, women and poor households having enhanced skills in managing local forest enterprises.
  • Framework for pro-poor and gender equitable governance being used to enhance effectiveness of Nepal’s community forests.