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Developing sandalwood community and smallholder plantation sector in Yogyakarta

This project aims to identify the constraints for developing a plantation-based sandalwood industry in central Java.
Sandalwood's high value on the international market has led many natural sources around the world to decline through deforestation and oversupply. While this decline is worrying, Indonesian smallholders could capitalise on recognised future supply shortages by planting the local species, Santalum album. This species has been grown in Yogyakarta Province, central Java, since the 1960s, but the plantation resource is in decline, and technical and socioeconomic factors limit the expansion of this industry.
The local sandalwood species S. album has the highest quality of all sandalwood species. While its competitive market advantage is important, its full commercial value will only be realised if a planted sandalwood industry can be established. The priority in Indonesia is, therefore, to rapidly develop this industry.
This project aims to support a vibrant smallholder sandalwood industry in central Java by providing information and strategies to address knowledge and resource gaps that constrain its rate of development. By helping to develop community sandalwood agroforestry, this project could result in social, economic and environmental benefits for the people of Indonesia.