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Developing and promoting market-based agroforestry and forest rehabilitation options for northwest Vietnam

This project aims to develop and promote market-based agroforestry options to improve livelihoods and enhance forest and landscape management.
Nearly 3.5 million people from 30 ethnic groups live in northwest Vietnam, where rural poverty is a major problem. The predominant crop is monoculture maize for livestock feed, grown on steep terrain, which severely erodes soil. Shifting cultivation and forest conversion have increased the area under annual crops, degrading half the remaining forest. Poverty, deforestation and land degradation can be addressed by developing market-based agroforestry that enables farmers to diversify, reduce erosion and achieve higher incomes than from maize alone. Some parts of these steep water catchments are most suitable remaining as forest, for which practical mechanisms are required to rehabilitate them. Integrating trees sustains production systems and increases their resilience. Rehabilitating degraded forests contributes to global REDD+ goals to which Vietnam is committed.
The project matches agroforestry and forest rehabilitation options to context, in relation to climate scenarios, contributing knowledge to land use planning and applying new approaches to integrated landscape management. This will contribute to the 'Landscape Academy' initiated by a global network of CGIAR scientists and the Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO). An estimated 123,750 to 247,500 households will have adopted agroforestry options 15 years from project inception, accruing an economic value (NPV) between 160M and 320M USD. Increased and better managed tree cover and diversity reduce soil erosion and provide ecosystem services, including watershed regulation, carbon storage, biodiversity conservation and overall landscape resilience.