11% of Indonesia's population lives below the poverty line of around US$1.25 per day, and 49% lives on less than US$2.00 per day. Two-thirds of Indonesia's poor work in agriculture, so strengthening agriculture-including crops, livestock, forestry, marine fisheries and aquaculture-is critical for reducing poverty and for equitable development across Indonesia. Livestock, especially cattle, is a way for many rural poor to accumulate capital and work their way out of poverty.
The Australian and Indonesian governments established a collaborative program, consisting of two projects, to improve the livelihoods of Indonesia's rural poor while increasing the efficiency, productivity and output of Indonesia's beef industry. The two projects are:
- AH/2015/047: Improving cattle production and quality in rice-based farming systems in Indonesia ("CropCow") and
- LS/2015/048: Improving smallholder beef supply and livelihoods through cattle-palm system integration in Indonesia ('PalmCow')