Mangoes are now Cambodia's second most important fruit crop after coconuts. There are two major production regions, the first in the south (approximately 10,000 ha) focused on the provinces of Kompong Cham north of Phnom Penh and Kompong Speu to the west, and the second in the northwest provinces (approximately 7,000 ha) around Siem Reap, Battambang and Banteay Meanchey. A project scoping team visited Cambodia in October 2011 to study the Cambodian mango industry. This more detailed nine month scoping study follows on from that visit, and its purpose is to identify specific issues along the mango production and supply chain for future research. The team will study production practices, harvest and postharvest handling practices, and domestic and export markets. They will also assess Cambodia's capacity for research, development and extension (RD&E).