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Livestock Systems

Improving the mineral nutrition of Tibetan livestock

Project Code: LPS/2010/028
Budget:
A$519,542
Research Program Manager: Dr. Anna Okello
Project Leader: Nick Costa - Murdoch University
Duration:
JAN 2011
DEC 2012
Project Status: Concluded
Key partners
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Tibet Academy of Agricultural and Animal Sciences
Tibet Livestock Research Institute

Overview

Livestock production is the predominant industry in the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) of China, with in excess of 20 million animals (yaks, cattle, horses, sheep and goats) raised under various production systems. ACIAR-supported mineral survey work over the last 5 years in TAR has shown that Tibetan yaks, dairy cows and sheep are at risk from a number of mineral deficiencies - including the macro-minerals phosphorus, sodium and calcium, and the trace elements copper, selenium and iodine. These mineral deficiencies can result in severe production losses (up to 30% of meat, milk, wool, fibre, reproduction) as well as poor health and increased mortalities.

This ACIAR project, with co-investment provided by AusAID and TAR, represented a concerted effort to improve animal production through ameliorating these deficiencies. There were flow-on benefits to the consumers, notably a reduction in disorders arising from mineral deficiencies in the human food chain.