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Assessing goat production and marketing systems in Lao PDR and market linkages into Vietnam

This study aims to identify consistent and transparent price/quality relationships in fodder markets that will give buyers better information about livestock performance outcomes and encourage crop and forage producers to provide better materials.
Scarcity of feed and fodder constrains sustainable livestock development, and can be critical during dry seasons. This is particularly acute in East Java where 60% of all cattle in Indonesia are located, including most of the dairy animals. The province has little or no remaining grazing land - three quarters of all land is used for cropping - so small-scale livestock production depends on the abundant supply of crop residues and by-products. Many livestock producers cannot obtain sufficient feed supplies from their own farm or communal resources and so have turned to an emerging market for crop residues and forages. The dry season shortages of fodder are critically important to sustained production. Fodder markets may help to address these challenges.
Although local markets for crop residues and forages can be found in many areas, little is known about their levels of performance, even while livestock producers increasingly rely on markets for feed. Small scale traders typically informally operate these markets, outside of regulatory oversight, and in some cases local market concentration may lead to undue control by a few market actors.