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Livestock Systems

A One Health approach to establish surveillance strategies for Japanese encephalitis and zoonotic arboviruses in Papua New Guinea

Project Code: LS/2018/213
Budget:
A$250,000
Research Program Manager: Dr Anna Okello
Project Leader: Dr David Williams, CSIRO
Duration:
FEB 2019
2020
JUN 2020
Project Status: Legally committed/Active
Key partners
University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Ministry of Health & Medical Services, Fiji

Overview

This project is developing policy options for One Health surveillance strategies addressing Japanese encephalitis (JE) and insect-borne diseases that affect both animals and people in Papua New Guinea (PNG)

The JE virus is the most important cause of human viral encephalitis in Southeast Asia. Even though an effective vaccine is available to prevent JE, approximately 67,000 human cases occur annually worldwide. The JE virus is mosquito-borne, and pigs and waterbirds act as amplifying hosts. JE disease mainly affects rural communities, with the highest rates of disease in children. The virus is endemic in PNG

This project will seek to address a major gap in environmental surveillance of vertebrate hosts and mosquito vectors of zoonotic arboviruses of public health concern. They will adopt a One Health approach to enable partnership and linkage between public health and veterinary organisations and agencies in PNG.

This project is part of the Research for One Health Systems Strengthening Program co-funded with DFAT addressing zoonoses, antimicrobial resistance and systems strengthening within the Asia Pacific. 

Project outcomes

  • Strengthening vector-borne disease surveillance and response systems to allow rapid identification and containment of outbreaks, resurgence and resistance.
  • Developing policy options for key health system supports to respond to febrile illness and avert antimicrobial resistance.
  • Establishing pilot surveillance activities at selected sites using one or a combination of sentinel animal (pigs, chickens) and mosquito trapping methods.
  • Establishing and develop linkages and coordination between human and animal health agencies.
  • Building capacity to detect zoonotic arboviruses in the field and in the laboratory.