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Livestock Systems

Incentives for early declaration and effective prevention of Avian Influenza in the Mekong

Project Code: LS/2018/216
Research Program Manager: Dr Anna Okello
Project Leader: Dr Barbara McPake, Nossal Institute for Global Health
FEB 2019
JUN 2020
Project Status: Legally committed/Active
Key partners
Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Australia
University of Sydney, Australia
Health Strategy and Policy Institute, Vietnam
Pasteur Institute, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Hanoi University of Public Health, Vietnam
National Institute of Public Health, Cambodia
Pasteur Institute, Cambodia
Lao Tropical and Public Health Institute


This project is developing insight into policies that promote protection against Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1), with a focus on poultry owners’ livelihoods.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza is of particular concern as an emerging infectious disease because its case fatality rate has risen from 33% to 82% in recent outbreaks. The virus passes between wild birds and domestic poultry including geese, ducks and chickens. A large outbreak would likely have severe consequences. Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos have all been sites of outbreaks resulting in human infection.

This project will focus on research in policies that promote protection against Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos with the ultimate aim of designing policies that align with stakeholder’s objectives and incentives. For example, the project team will seek to understand how poultry owners understand interactions between themselves and their poultry’s health, as well as what actions they may take. They will do this by undertaking a series of key informant interviews with 58 government officials in each country, and by collecting and reviewing relevant documentation of current policies.

This project is part of the Research for One Health Systems Strengthening Program co-funded with DFAT addressing zoonoses, antimicrobial resistance and systems strengthening within the Asia Pacific.