In the Philippines the vegetable industry plays an important role in domestic and export markets, both economically and nutritionally.
The Philippines Government and other industry stakeholders have identified the domestic market as a high priority for development and improvement due to the number of households involved in vegetable production. There is also potential for export market development. Areas that have been identified as constraints include production efficiency and sustainability, food quality, food safety, postharvest loss and domestic consumption.
The goal of the Program was to contribute to economic growth in the Philippines through increased income and improved livelihoods of tropical fruit growers in southern Philippines. The purpose of the Program was to improve the smallholder and industry profitability and export competitiveness of selected tropical fruits industries in the southern Philippines. Fruit crops targeted were mango, papaya, durian and jackfruit.
Papua New Guinea, like many Pacific island countries and territories, is experiencing shortfalls in available veterinary and animal health auxiliary personnel. This project facilitated the collection and reporting of signs of disease in the country's livestock by introducing simple checklists and training to livestock owners and animal health auxiliary staff in provincial departments, commercial livestock companies and non-government organisations.
In 2001, ACIAR and World Vision Foundation of Thailand (WVFT) implemented a program of collaboration to foster greater application of the results of earlier ACIAR-funded research. Three programs - on fish-feed production, temperate fruit development and production of vegetables with reduced use of agrochemicals - helped World Vision to address specific technical challenges that communities had identified in different parts of the country. The projects were implemented in some of the poorest parts of Thailand and produced significant community impacts.
There is increasing demand for indigenous vegetables in Vietnam, and a significant role played by women in their production. Increasing demand also exists within Australia for products within the Asian vegetable range. The aim of this project was to improve farm income in rural areas of Vietnam by increasing the skills of women in the safe production, promotion and utilisation of indigenous vegetables.
Village producers own the majority of large ruminant livestock in Cambodia, and up to 25% of cattle are currently exported.
However production income is limited by common diseases such as haemorrhagic septicaemia, foot-and-mouth disease, blackleg and parasites plus poor nutritional, breeding and general husbandry and livestock management practices.
There was an opportunity to increase cattle production and address rural poverty.
This project aimed to improve soil and irrigation water management to sustainably improve vegetable yields and household economies.
Lao PDR and Cambodia are developing countries with low agricultural productivity. Better management of soil and water resources could help smallholder farms to sustainably produce more vegetables. Socio-economic, livelihood experiences and expectations and organisational constraints affect how and whether smallholders adopt technology, while input supplies, finance, labour, information, and professional human capital are often inadequate.