The ACIAR research structure focuses on nine programs of work. These programs cover key agriculture sectors (Crops, Livestock Systems, Fisheries, Forestry and Horticulture), the science needed to sustain the resource base (Soil and Land Management, and Water and Climate) and disciplines that generate economic and social benefits (Agribusiness and Social Sciences).
Unlocking economic opportunities for farmers
The Agribusiness program works to improve business outcomes for smallholder farmers, communities and industries. It involves research at all points along the agricultural, forestry and fisheries value chains, including inputs, production and harvest, and post-harvest activities of packaging, transport and storage, processing, marketing and sales.
Cultivating productive and sustainable crops
The Crops program aims to increase the productivity and sustainability of major crops by exploring improved varieties and new crop management methods. The program is built on two complementary themes of genetics and sustainable intensification and diversification.
Building productive aquatic farming systems and sustainable fisheries
The Fisheries program brokers research partnerships to improve food security and fishers’ livelihoods through productive aquatic farming systems and sustainable wild-catch fisheries. It aims to improve human health and wellbeing by making food systems and policies more nutrition-sensitive.
Scientific support to establish, manage and sustainably use forests
The Forestry program contributes to conservation and rehabilitation of natural resources to establish, manage and sustainably use forests. This provides social, economic and environmental benefits to partner countries and Australia.
Improving fruit, vegetable and ornamental crop production
The Horticulture program aims to improve the productivity, profitability and sustainability of fruit, vegetable, ornamental and beverage crops in developing countries to improve livelihoods and deliver safe, nutritious food.
Developing more productive, profitable and sustainable livestock systems
The Livestock Systems program brokers research partnerships to develop more productive, profitable and sustainable livestock systems for the benefit of humans, animals and the environment. The program takes a holistic view of livestock systems, looking at animal health and production technologies within the broader sociocultural, gender, policy and economic contexts.
Putting people at the centre of agricultural research-for-development
The Social Sciences program takes a people-centred approach to agricultural research-for-development to reduce poverty. Demographic issues such as gender, age, education, income, assets and distance to market are considered in project design to ensure equitable development.
Soil and Land Management
Introducing conservation agriculture
The Soil and Land Management program aims to help smallholders boost productivity through sustainable use of limited resources in a changing climate. Ensuring that agricultural production is sustainable and benefits smallholder farmers is a key challenge for long-term food security.
Water and Climate
Improving agricultural water management through innovative approaches
The Water and Climate program addresses the challenge of efficient, sustainable water use to support agricultural production in the context of increasingly uncertain climate, competition from other sectors and declining water quality. During 2019-20, ACIAR developed a new Climate Change program, so that from 1 July 2020 there were separate research programs on Water and Climate Change.
NOTE: Charts will not always reflect the sum of total projects per program as it shows projects by region. If a project is in multiple regions, it will be counted for each region.