Social Systems

Strengthening institutional capacity, extension services and rural livelihoods in the Central Dry Zone and Ayeyarwady Delta regions of Myanmar

Line drawing of chicken people and plants representing Social Systems program
Project code
AUD 1,980,089
Project leader
Dr. Julian Prior - University of New England
Commissioned organisation
University of New England
JAN 2013
JUN 2018
Project status
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This project aimed to improve agricultural development and food security by shifting the focus of Myanmar's agricultural research and development onto farmer decisions and effective farmer extension strategies in the Central Dry Zone and Ayeyarwady Delta.

Myanmar's socio-political goals had focused on national and international efforts to develop and modernise agriculture and maintain food security. Academic research, adopting new technology and reforming extension services in agriculture are crucial for these sectors to sustainably develop.

ACIAR focused on understanding the diversity of rural livelihoods and understanding household decisions that drive change. The project investigated landlessness, labour and mechanisation, land tenure security, agricultural extension services of government and non-government institutions, and the private sector. Once these were understood, the project targeted issues and drivers shaping rural livelihoods.

To support a fresh approach in policy and extension, the project developed a livelihood typology for both the Central Dry Zone and the Ayeyarwady Delta. The typology reflected the breadth and diversity of rural livelihoods and how farmers contribute to the agricultural process. 

Key partners
Asian Institute of Technology
CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences
Department of Agricultural Research
Myanmar Agricultural Service
University of Queensland
Yezin Agricultural University
Livelihoods and extension: Ayeyarwady Delta
Livelihoods and extension: Central Dry Zone