Developing sandalwood community and smallholder plantation sector in Yogyakarta

Sandalwood Indonesia
Project code
AUD 120,000
Research program manager
Dr Nora Devoe
Project leader
Tony Page, University of the Sunshine Coast
Commissioned organisation
University of the Sunshine Coast
MAY 2017
JUN 2020
Project status
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This project aimed to identify the constraints for developing a plantation-based sandalwood industry in central Java

Sandalwood products from Indonesia are exported to international markets, which historically have provided good export revenues. As global supplies have declined and prices increased, landowners have identified sandalwood as an alternative high-value agroforestry crop. Sandalwood is therefore unique in this respect and can be incorporated into village and boundary plantings in areas with high population such as Yogyakarta.

By providing information and strategies to address the knowledge and resource gaps that currently constrain its rate of development, this project can potentially result in positive social, economic and environmental benefits to the people of Indonesia. 

Project outcomes

  • Determined the extent, composition and performance of sandalwood plantations in the Yogyakarta region and develop locally relevant silvicultural systems.
  • Reviewed current policy influences and identify initiatives required to facilitate the development of a viable sandalwood industry in Yogyakarta.
  • Determined the feasibility and profitability of the sandalwood plantation industry to smallholders and other participants.
Key partners
Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement, Indonesia
Forestry Research and Development Agency, Indonesia