Scoping study to assess constraints and opportunities for sustaining the tank irrigation ecosystems and smallholder livelihoods in East India and Nepal

A hand holding a Chameleon sensor.
Project code
AUD 149,998
Project leader
K Palanisami - International Water Management Institute
Commissioned organisation
International Water Management Institute
MAY 2012
FEB 2013
Project status
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In eastern India and Nepal tanks (small reservoirs) are still used for irrigation, livestock and domestic purposes, but fisheries are emerging as their primary usage. Competition between irrigation and fisheries often creates a rift within communities, resulting in management issues that directly contribute to poor tank maintenance.

The primary objective of this 10-month scoping study was to investigate the characteristics of tanks and tank irrigation in East Indian states (West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa) and the terai (plains) of Nepal. The constraints identified and opportunities envisaged assisted in the development of a 3-year ACIAR research proposal.


This scoping study resulted in the larger project "Improving dry season agriculture for marginal and tenant farmers in the Eastern Gangetic Plains through conjunctive use of pond and groundwater resources". 

No final report has been published.



Key partners
Indian Council of Agricultural Research
International Water Management Institute
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
Vidyasagar University