Water

Cropping system intensification in the salt-affected coastal zones of Bangladesh and West Bengal, India

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Project code
LWR/2014/073
Program
Budget
AUD 2,430,000
Research program manager
Dr Robyn Johnston
Project leader
Mohammed Mainuddin, CSIRO Land and Water
Duration:
NOV 2015
OCT 2020
Project status
Legally committed/Active
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Overview

This project aims to create opportunities for improving the land productivity and profitability, and for helping farmers to increase their incomes in Bangladesh and India

The coastal zones of Bangladesh and West Bengal in India are home to millions of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people, about 65% of whom live below the poverty line.

The people of the coastal zone depend mainly on agriculture, the productivity of which is low due to low-yielding, late-maturing, traditional varieties of rice during the wet season while much of the land lies fallow during the dry season.

Opportunities exist for intensification of cropping through efficient use and optimal management of fresh surface water and groundwater resources during the dry season, through improved polder water management, careful planning of the crop calendar, and improved agronomic practices that maximise water productivity.

Overall, to achieve the expected outcomes this project is focusing on sustainably increasing cropping intensity and productivity in the region, particularly in the dry season, through integrated soil, water and crop management.

Expected project outcomes

  • Establishing several suitable and profitable cropping patterns based on research.
  • Identifying highly profitable cropping patterns for Bangladesh sites (like sunflower-rice-rice, maize-rice-rice, and pumpkin-rice-rice).
  • Sharing knowledge that presents higher yields and greater profitability.
  • Rolling out zero tillage potato cultivation technology with enhanced profits.
Key partners
Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute
Bangladesh Rice Research Institute
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya University
Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, India
Institute of Water Modelling, Bangladesh
International Water Management Institute
Khulna University, Bangladesh
Krishni Gobeshona Foundation, Bangladesh
Murdoch University, Australia
Tagore Society for Rural Development, India
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