Project final report

Farmers’ capabilities, productivity and profitability: A case study of smallholders in selected agro zones in Pakistan - Final report

Date released
29 September 2016
Publication Code

John Steen, Shabbir Ahmad, Martie-Louise Verreynne, George Battese and Abid Burki

Co-authors: Dr. Muhammad Azeem Khan, Dr. Abid Hussain, Dr. Abdul Jabbar, Nadeem Akmal


This project aimed to identify constraints in the capacity of smallholders to adopt innovative farming practices and better marketing strategies to improve farm-level productivity and profitability.

Project outcomes

  • understood the technological, institutional and capacity constraints causing a range of differences in productivity results for smallholders
  • identified the main factors influencing productivity improvement for farmers and the kind of policy measures to improve these criteria
  • reviewed the marketing strategies adopted by smallholders, to maximize their returns and, thus, identify policy options to accelerate market reform, and
  • evaluated (a) the agricultural support strategies implemented by the government and donors to increase farm productivity, and (b) the capacity of these strategies to support productivity development.