Project final report

Developing agricultural policies for rice-based farming systems in Lao PDR and Cambodia - final report

Date released
01 June 2019
Publication Code

Rob Cramb


This project aimed to contribute to improved agricultural policies for rice-based farming systems in Laos and Cambodia, taking account of trends in Thailand and Vietnam, in line with ACIAR's food security initiative for the Mekong region.

Rapid agrarian change in the Mekong region coupled with recent shocks to global food, fertiliser, and fuel prices have accentuated the risks and challenges facing farmers engaged in rice-based farming systems, particularly in the marginal environments of Laos and Cambodia. Preliminary research in 2010-11 indicated that: (1) there is a lack of detailed empirical studies providing reliable quantitative estimates of the farm- and regional-level impacts of current or proposed policies and of the trade-offs between them, and limited capacity within government to undertake such studies and derive well-supported implications and options for policy makers; (2) there is a need for strategic empirical research on specific policy options for rice-based farming systems, particularly where technical possibilities for improved food security and farmer incomes are constrained by current policy settings. In particular, three key policy issues were identified, concerning the institutional arrangements governing farmers’ access to (1) affordable, high-quality farm inputs (seed, fertiliser, technical advice, credit); (2) the key resources of land and water; and (3) the rapidly emerging regional value chains for rice and other agricultural commodities.