Project final report

Economic analysis of policies affecting pulses in Pakistan - final report

Date released
01 June 2019
Publication Code

Dr Elizabeth Petersen, The University of Western Australia
Dr Abdul Ghafoor, The University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Dr Stephen Harrison, The University of the Sunshine Coast
Dr Muhammad Qasim, The National Agricultural Research Centre
Mrs Saima Rani, The National Agricultural Research Centre
Dr Khuram Sadozai, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar
Dr David Vanzetti, The Australian National University


This project aimed to provide policy-makers with evidence-based economic analysis and advice so they can reduce constraints to pulses production and trade, and increase productivity in Pakistan.

Pulses are dried seeds of the legume family (including chickpeas, mung beans, lentils and mash beans) and are an important source of vegetable protein in Pakistan. International and domestic demand for pulses is expected to grow, but production has stagnated in recent years. Production and prices are volatile, and post-harvest losses are significant.

ACIAR is implementing a large project (CIM/2015/041) to increase productivity and profitability in the pulses sector. Biological/agronomic research into pulses is laudable, but inappropriate policies and insufficient understanding of the market may limit productivity and profitability.

Publically available information and analysis of the pulses industry and related policy is limited.

The SRA:

  1. reviewed policies and programs that affect pulses production and trade in Pakistan;
  2. identified the constraints and barriers to further pulses production and consumption, including financial viability of pulses and competing crops;
  3.  analysed how Government policies affect pulses prices and producer profitability; and
  4. advised Pakistani policy-makers on policy reform to increase pulses production and trade.

Poor farmers will benefit from changed policies potentially resulting in increased pulses profitability, diversity, more efficient resource-allocation and competitive markets, and hence higher and more stable incomes, while consumers will have cheaper, more diverse and better quality food.