Project final report

Bamboo agroforestry in East Nusa Tenggara - Final Report

Date released
23 January 2023
Publication Code

Environmental Bamboo Foundation, Center for Standardization of Disaster Resilience Instruments and Climate Change, Standardization Instrument of Environment and Forestry Agency, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, National Research and Innovation Agency, The Republic of Indonesia


This project aimed to test and refine bamboo agroforestry approaches that can be adopted and scaled out for greater effectiveness within the national-Government supported Sustainable Bamboo Forestry and 1000 Bamboo Villages programs.

Bamboo is an integral part of many Indonesia communities, and the increased global demand for bamboo products is being viewed by the Indonesia government as an opportunity to enhance rural livelihoods.

The steppingstone for this research was to enable further development of commercially viable, evidence-based, sustainable bamboo agroforestry options for Indonesian smallholders; and to contribute to the formulation of a standardised process for selecting, appraising, and developing potential bamboo agroforestry landscapes for relevant government initiatives.

Broad literature review was conducted in sites already intervened by the Environmental Bamboo Foundation (EBF) and sites with the potentials for bamboo village establishment. Village appraisal methods, data collection for geospatial analysis, and past reports review on existing EBF business implementation and social-governance partnership activities were gathered and summarised to identify current conditions and lessons learned. This provided insights for establishing a robust and proved methodology for appraisals and cultivation procedures, and a basis for implementing social-governance infrastructure under bamboo village mechanism.

Although the methodologies were applicable to be scaled up nationally within the partnership of the government, local organisations, and local communities, there were no fit-for-all methodologies. The methods should be tailored with the variety of village conditions, the generalisation of the scale must be determined, and each biogeochemical condition should have different cultivation treatments.

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